Shukrayaan 1 – Mission to Venus – All you need to know.

Shukrayaan 1 is going to be the next big thing for India and the Indian Space research organization (ISRO). As the name suggests Shukra means Venus and Yaan means Vehicle. Yes, this is a vehicle to the planet Venus. Or you can say an Orbiter to the planet Venus that will study the surface and atmosphere of the planet Venus. In other words, we will be reaching new boundaries and exploring venus. However, there are so many things to overcome and study before completing this mission. Before going into this topic there are some important things you must know about Shukrayaan 1


Shukrayaan 1 Details

Mission: An Orbiter to Venus

Operated by: Indian Space research Organization (ISRO)

Launch Year: 2023

Rocket to be used: GSLV Mk III

Launch Site: Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota, India

Nearest Orbit: 500 Km

Farthest Orbit: 60,000 Km

GSLV Mark III

Brief Introduction of Shukrayaan 1

India was able to pull off missions like Chandrayaan 1, Mangalyaan, similarly, Chandrayaan 2 with almost 95% success due to the hard landing on the surface of the moon. Therefore, India wants to step up and study another interplanetary neighbor “Venus”. Which is also one of the closest planet to Earth. This is not a new concept rather This concept was already first introduced in 2012. The budget for this mission was already announced by the government of India in 2018.

The Budget mentioned the grants for Shukrayaan 1 as well as Mars Orbiter Mission II. Currently, ISRO is collaborating with JAXA to study the atmosphere of Venus before sending its orbiter. you might ask what is JAXA? well, JAXA is the “Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency”. You might not know that Japan has already sent its orbiter to Venus named “Akatsuki” in 2010 which was successfully placed into the Venus orbit in 2015. Yes, almost five years after the launch.

Akatsuki Mission conducted by JAXA.

What will it study?

There are three main goals of the Shukrayaan 1 mission. These three main areas of research include the following:

First of all, Understand the atmospheric formation, evolution, and history of Venus. Secondly, Study the surface of Venus. Thirdly, study the atmospheric interaction with solar radiation.

Shukrayaan 1
Atmosphere of Venus

Shukrayaan 1 – Science Payloads

Shukrayaan 1 will carry the payload with a mass of 100kg. Furthermore, these payloads will consist of devices and instruments from India as well as other contributing countries. Some instruments are as follows:

Indian Payloads:

  1. firstly, S-band Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR)
  2. Advanced Radar for Topside Ionosphere and subsurface sounding
  3. Ultra Violet (UV) Imaging Spectroscopy Telescope
  4. Thermal Camera
  5. Cloud Monitoring Camera
  6. Venus Atmospheric SpectroPolarimeter
  7. Airglow Photometer
  8. Radio Occultation Experiment
  9. Ionospheric Electron Temperature Analyser
  10. Retarding Potential Analyser
  11. Mass Spectrometer
  12. finally, Plasma Wave Detector (Langmuir Probe, Electric Field Sensor, and Magnetometer)

International Payloads,

Similarly, Nasa may provide devices which generate radar pulses.

Why Venus?

Well, Venus is very similar to earth in terms of size and density. In fact, it’s known as Earth’s evil twin. Also, Venus has a very dense atmosphere. The atmosphere is so dense that it can be studied from Earth. In spite of these similarities, why did venus and Earth followed different paths? Seems like this is an important question to be answered.

shukrayaan1
Artistic render of Surface of Venus.

The atmosphere of Venus is very diverse. Some regions are almost earth-like while some regions have the wind blowing over 350 km/h and other with extremely hot temperatures of 450 degrees.

Also, the CO2 rich atmosphere of Venus is very important in terms of research and study. This study will help to determine the effect of increasing levels of CO2 here on Earth. Venusian atmosphere contains about 97% CO2.

Similarly, Venus is one of the closest planet to Earth. The closest distance is possible every 19 months. While the closest distance to mars is possible only every 26 months.

We will update this article if more information is released about Shukrayaan 1. For now, here’s more information about planet venus.

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